tree pruning

How Do You Prune A Large Tree?

Table of Contents
    Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

    Working on large trees can be a challenging and even hazardous endeavour. For instance, it may be difficult to position a ladder at the appropriate distance or it may be necessary to climb the tree extensively using ropes and hooks. On the other hand, you don't necessarily need to go through all of this work to get your trees pruned because there are many various approaches you can take.

    One method is called the step-ladder method, and it entails removing the branches at their base where they meet the trunk rather than just chopping them off somewhere else on the tree higher up.

    The second method is to make use of pole saws, which enable one to cut high up in a tree without running the risk of falling out or becoming wedged in an awkward position midway up the tree's height. This post will describe how each technique operates as well as the tools that are required for each technique. Worrying about tree removal? Then, Tree Amigos tree removal solution  is the right choice!

    Large tree pruning is a task that should only be attempted by a qualified arborist who has previous experience in the field. They need to be able to evaluate the state of the tree's health and pinpoint the areas that require trimming, such as branches that are on the verge of death or those that are growing too closely together.

    The procedure can also have unintended negative effects, such as making the tree's structure more fragile, if it is not carried out properly. Make sure you are familiar with what you are doing and seek the assistance of a seasoned expert before you embark on an endeavour of this nature on your own!

    It Is Important To Understand First Why You Need To Prune Trees

    It is important to prune trees to ensure their health, which involves removing branches that are sick, broken, or dead. By thinning off the crown, you may open it up, which will enhance air circulation and let in more sunlight. Remove branches that contact or cross one other as you prune to create a solid framework for the tree.

    It is important to prune for safety reasons, including keeping branches away from power lines and removing branches that obstruct the view when approaching or leaving a driveway. In addition, this is to enable clearance wherever it is required for mowing, pruning, or simply passing under.

    You should prune the tree so that it has a better form or character, or so that it produces more flowers, whichever goal you have in mind. Never prune anything simply because you believe it should be pruned. The majority of trees will, on their own, develop an attractive natural form. However, for the sake of the tree's health, any branches that are diseased, damaged, or dead should be removed during the pruning process.

    In any other case, exercise extreme caution or see an expert. You don't need to be concerned about the smaller branches that can be removed easily using a lopper or pruning saw. More careful deliberation is required while working with larger branches that need for specialised machinery.

    The timing of when you should prune your trees is of equal significance. When the leaves have dropped and the trees are dormant, this is the best time to prune them so that you can clearly see the structure. When trees are dormant, is the best time to prune them to limit sap flow, as well as disease and insect exposure. Trees that bloom in the early spring should have their flowers pruned immediately after they have finished blooming since the flower buds are created in the season before the bloom. When the tree is dormant in the summer or fall, this is the time to prune it so that blossom buds can emerge on the new spring growth.

    The process of pruning a tree that provides shade does not have to be difficult, but it does take careful consideration. In some cases, a specialist along with their specialised gear will be required. The unskilled should not attempt to use heavy, sharp tools or a chain saw while climbing a tree, nor should they operate a saw while standing on a stepladder. If, on the other hand, your tree is not too large and you decide to prune it yourself, you will need equipment that is well kept as well as sharp tools that have been cleaned well.

    Most pyramid-shaped trees are led by a single dominant figure at the centre of the crown. Trees that have a more rounded form typically have lateral branches that vie with the primary leader for preeminence. Most of the time, the rounded crowns are the ones that need to be pruned so that the strong central leader and the strong uniform branching may be maintained.

    Find the branch collar before making any cuts, including the final cut in the branch that will be removed. This is the point at which the branch either joins the main trunk or one of the key lateral branches. The collar is sometimes very obvious in the form of a distinct ridge that runs the whole circumference of the joint.

    It may be nothing more than a ridge on the surface of the bark in certain cases. Your final cut to remove the tree should be made just below the collar or ridge, sloping downward and away from the tree. It is standard practise to cut a branch flush with the trunk or an adjoining branch, which removes the branch collar. This practise follows a natural inclination.

    A final cut made inside the collar can prevent appropriate healing, lead to a weak structure, and produce unnatural growth, such as the water sprouting that is shown on the left in the image. If you cut too much outside of the collar, the branch will die back, which will invite rot and further difficulties.

    It is necessary to make three different cuts in order to remove large branches. If you try to remove a heavy branch with a single cut, the branch's weight will drag it down before you finish, shredding the bark off the trunk in the process (not to mention pinching and trapping your chain saw, a difficult predicament to get out of).

    Therefore, the first thing you need to do is cut a notch on the underside of the branch that is outside of the branch collar. The following cut needs to go all the way through the branch but should be made outside of the notch. Between the collar and the first notch, you now have a little stump that is quite controllable that needs to be removed.

    Pruning For Health And Strong Structure:  Thinning The Crown


    The tree's structural integrity and strength can be improved by thinning the crown of the tree, which also makes it possible for more light and air to reach the tree's inner branches. To get started, cut back any branches that are entangled with one another or that are touching.

    When cutting off the branches, you should do it at the place where they link to another branch, also known as a node, and pay careful attention to the branch collars, as was previously stated. In some cases, this is sufficient, and if you are performing the pruning during the dormant season, you will get a clear view of the branch structure, allowing you to make an accurate assessment. In the event that more pruning is required, keep in mind that you should never take off more than 25 percent of the crown in a single season.

    After that, choose branches that are either firmly growing upward or strongly growing downward in the tree. Choosing a few branches at random around the crown to prune away is the final step. The distance between lateral branches and the trunk should be somewhat consistent.

    Investigate the connection that joins the two branches together. A strong union takes the form of the letter U, whereas a weaker union is more closed and takes the shape of a V or, alternatively, a very wide union. This does NOT imply that any union that is deemed to be too weak should be severed! Instead, choose branches to prune that have a weak union, but keep in mind that certain species naturally grow with unions that are weaker and more V-shaped. This article will help you make a decision about tree stumping and removal.  Here at Tree Amigo, we’re passionate about trees!

    In that instance, you should examine the structure as a whole and then err on the side of the unions that are the most vulnerable. Keep in mind that it is preferable to remove insufficient amounts rather than an excessive amount. You should wait until the following growing season to evaluate the work, and if additional branch removal is required, you can do so during the following dormant season.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    When pruning trees, the general rule of thumb is to remove no more than one-third of the tree’s foliage. This helps to ensure that the tree remains strong and healthy and can recover from the pruning. Of course, there are always exceptions to the rule, and some trees may need more or less pruning depending on their species and the desired shape.

    For example, fast-growing trees such as maples may require more frequent pruning to maintain the desired shape, while slow-growing trees such as oaks can often be untouched for long periods. Ultimately, consulting with an experienced arborist before undertaking any major pruning projects is important. They will be able to assess the tree and advise you on the best course of action.

    It is crucial to keep trees healthy and pruned to continue to look their best because trees provide beauty and value to any property. One strategy for achieving this goal is pruning, which entails systematically removing branches that are either damaged or dead. But how can you determine when it is necessary to prune your trees? Here are a few warning signals to keep an eye out for:

    • Branches that are unhealthy have died or are in the process of dying
    • Crossing or rubbing against other branches
    • Branches that are growing onto buildings or electrical wires.
    • Branches that have been broken due to accidents or storms

    If you notice any of these problems, it's time to call in a professional arborist to assess the situation and determine the best course of action. Pruning is a delicate process, so leaving it to the experts is important. With their help, you can keep your trees healthy and looking great for years.

    Depending on the species, trees have a potential lifespan of hundreds of years or even thousands of years. On the other hand, the average age of a tree might range anywhere from 50 to 200 years. The longevity of a tree can be affected by a number of factors, including the kind of tree, the environment in which it is grown, and whether or not it is maintained and pruned regularly. For instance, because of the additional strain of producing fruit, fruit trees often have a shorter lifespan than evergreens.

    Similarly, trees that are allowed to grow in congested or shady environments tend to have shorter lifespans than those that are given sufficient room to expand. However, with the proper attention and maintenance, even the most sensitive trees can flourish and survive for many decades. In the end, the age of a tree is determined by a number of different factors, but with proper care, many trees can live long and healthy lives.

    When you prune a tree, you are, in effect, inflicting an open wound on the plant. The tree reacts to the wound by covering it with a layer of protective tissue so it cannot be accessed. This process, known as wound closure, assists the tree in recovering from injury and protecting itself against infection. However, there are a few difficulties associated with wound closure.

    For example, it may cause the tree's growth to be slowed down and make it more susceptible to diseases and pests. Because of this, it is essential to prune trees carefully and only when it is required to do so. Nevertheless, if they are given the attention and care they need, trees can recover from even the most severe pruning cuts and continue to flourish for years.

    During the spring, you should go through your garden and remove any dead or overgrown branches, as this is the best time of year to do so. However, the work of pruning can be delicate; therefore, it is essential to take the time to do it the right way. To get you started, here are a few pointers to consider:

    1. Before beginning to prune the plant, take a good look at it. Determine which branches on the tree need to be cut back to promote new development.
    2. Using pruning shears that are both sharp and clean, make clean cuts at an angle of 45 degrees.
    3. It is important not to leave stubs because this can increase disease. Instead, clip the branches back until you reach a healthy branch or bud.
    4. As a final piece of advice, don't be scared to make radical cuts; doing so is often required in order to stimulate the development of robust new growth.

    If you follow these easy pointers, you'll be well on your way to cultivating a garden that is both healthier and more beautiful.

    Pruning For Safety: Raising The Crown

    It may be necessary to do tree pruning along the roadway or sidewalk in order to make it possible for pedestrian traffic to pass underneath the trees and to clear sightlines for vehicles. It's possible that the trees in the landscape will need to be trimmed in order to provide room for activities like mowing, pruning, or even just walking through the grass.

    Remove any branches that are located outside of the branch collar, which is the point at which the branches connect the trunk, until you reach a level that is comfortable for pedestrians to pass. In any one season, you should never remove more than one third of the height of the crown. Then, if it is necessary, additional trimming can be done during the subsequent dormant season.

    Pruning For Safety: Reducing The Crown

    Mostly because improper design, a tree can end up growing into some overhead electricity cables. To alleviate the condition, trees are frequently "headed," which means they are simply shorn straight across the top. This results in unnatural regrowth and an ugly appearance for the tree. In a similar manner, the random shortening of the branch length anywhere in the middle might result in water sprouting, as shown on the right.

    Instead, remove the portions of the crown that are the highest from the interior at a level that is significantly lower than the needed high point. After that, choose a "cluster" of branches that need to be pruned and locate the main joint where it connects to the tree. It is recommended that the remaining lateral branch have a diameter that is at least one third that of the branch that is being removed.

    In most cases, this will be a chunk that is too large to handle in a single cut and will need to be removed in portions that are more manageable until the desired joint is reached. Make this final removal using the cutting approach that consists of three steps.

    It is okay to keep lateral branches that face outward as long as they assist maintain a balanced crown structure. Despite the fact that this is still a somewhat harsh case, the point is made abundantly apparent. In addition to this, the tree is able to maintain a shape that is closer to its original appearance while also becoming more robust and healthy.

    When Is The Best Time To Prune Trees?

    The deep and vibrant tones of spring's bloom are a beautiful way to say hello to the new season, especially after spending the previous months gazing at branches and limbs stripped down to their skeletal structures. On the other hand, underneath the beautiful spring landscape, you will want to make sure that the roots of your trees are strong.

    The question "when should we have our trees trimmed?" is one that our arborists get asked quite frequently. Unfortunately, the answer is not always as easy as we would like it to be, so in an effort to address this question once and for all, we have produced a useful guide in the hopes of doing so.

    When considering how to prune a tree, our arborists need to keep in mind not just the species of tree that they are working with, but also a number of other considerations, such as the impact of insects, the trees' susceptibility to disease, and the landscaping that is all around the tree.

    During the winter months, trees and shrubs are easiest to prune and shape when compared to other times of the year. Since the majority of trees remain dormant from November through March, this is the best time of year for a number of reasons, including the following:

    • Trees have a lower risk of being affected by diseases and insects.
    • Since all of the leaves have been removed, there is less of an influence on the surrounding scenery, and our crew is able to more clearly see what they are doing.
    • Trees have a faster rate of recovery, which means that by the time spring arrives, your tree will be back to its happy and healthy self.

    Yes, and there's one more significant advantage to performing tree pruning in the winter: you'll incur lower financial costs. When you schedule your tree trimming and removal services in advance, you will, without a doubt, be able to save more money (like today). Don't put it off until the very end or you'll end up being disappointed. See our list of available arborist services Perth  for your tree removal solutions.

    Learning the appropriate time to prune trees not only maintains them healthy over the long term but also prepares them for a period of vigourous growth. In the following, we will address some of the most often asked questions regarding the appropriate times to trim or prune your trees.

    When Is The Best Time To Prune Trees? 

    Your trees will need to be trimmed occasionally between the seasons of changing leaves in the fall and flower blooms in the spring. However, the optimal time to prune or trim a tree is anytime between the end of winter and the beginning of spring.

    Have a conversation with an arborist in your area about doing some pruning before the spring blooms appear. The cycle of pruning for a tree is typically between three and five years; however, the type of tree, its size, and its overall health all play a factor in determining the cycle that will work best for your tree.

    Why Is Late Fall Through Early Spring Best For Tree Pruning?

    Trees enter a stage known as dormancy during the fall and winter months, which stops their growth. This period of dormancy, combined with the falling temperatures, makes for an excellent environment for trimming. When you trim a plant after it has started producing new growth, you reduce the amount of flowers it is likely to produce that year.

    Since the ground is more compact in the winter, arborists have greater access to the tree, and the absence of leaves makes it simpler to locate and manipulate the tree's limbs.

    Trees benefit both in terms of their present and future health from having their branches pruned while the tree is in its dormant phase. In addition to this, dormant pruning helps with the treatment of diseases, which in turn saves both time and money.

    Tree Trimming Cost

    The cost of hiring a professional to prune only one tree can range anywhere from $80 to over $1,000, with the median price range for tree trimming falling between $250 and $500. You can receive an estimate of $80 for the trimming of a small tree with a height of less than 25 feet, $175 for the pruning of a tree with a height of between 25 and 50 feet, and $300 to $1,000 for the trimming of a large tree that is over 50 feet tall.

    Remember that those fees only cover a one-time service for one tree at a time. The price of the service will increase proportionately based on the number of trees that need to be trimmed around your home.

    There are five crucial considerations that must be made prior to arriving at an accurate estimate of the costs associated with your tree pruning project. To begin, your estimate of the cost of tree pruning will take into account the following factors:

    • The size of the tree is important since the more branches there are, the more work needs to be done. This results in a greater need for labour and, thus, a higher cost.
    • Are you having trouble getting to your tree because of its location? Is it in close proximity to a power line? If this is the case, you should anticipate paying a higher price due to the increased amount of labour required.
    • Accessibility: If a qualified arborist needs a significant amount of space around the tree in order to chop it down, the cost of the service will increase.
    • The total price will be affected not only by the number of trees but also by the number of trees that need to be trimmed. The price goes up as there are more trees.
    • The health of the tree should be evaluated to determine whether or not it has been affected by any illnesses or pests. If this is the case, it's likely that the tree-trimming service will cost you more money.

    Reasons For Pruning


    At Birch Tree Care, we include regular pruning as a component of all of our tree and plant maintenance plans. Pruning your plants in the appropriate manner will encourage new growth, improve their overall health, enhance the aesthetic appeal of your property, and result in an increase in the number of flowers and fruits produced.

    Prune To Increase The Overall Health Of Plant

    • Remove any branches that are dead, dying, or have been wounded in any way by animals, disease, insect infestations, storms, or any other cause.
    • Take away any branches that are rubbing against each other.
    • Remove branch stubs

    Maintain Intended Purposes For Plants In A Landscape

    • Foster the growth of flowers and fruit by encouraging it.
    • Keep a robust hedge in place.
    • Foster the shape of the plant or garden that you want to see more of

    Improve The Appearance Of Plants And Overall Curb Appeal

    • Manage the dimensions and contours of the plant.
    • Maintain a dense and well-proportioned shrubbery.
    • Remove any unneeded structures, such as unsightly branches, waterspouts, suckers, and fruiting structures that distract from the aesthetic of the plant.

    Protect Your Family & Property

    • Remove any branches that have died.
    • Have hazardous trees hauled down
    • Remove any branches that hang over residential areas, parking lots, sidewalks, and other locations where falling limbs could cause injury to people or damage to property.
    • Get rid of any branches that are obstructing your eyesight at intersections and any branches that are interfering with the streetlights, traffic signals, or cables that hang overhead.

    When pruning is done in the late winter, it ensures that fresh wounds are only exposed for a limited amount of time before new growth begins. This allows the wound that was caused by pruning to begin healing more quickly. In addition, cutting back dormant plants with pruning can facilitate quicker decision-making because there are fewer leaves to obscure the view. Last but not least, pruning in the late winter is an excellent practise for warding off certain diseases.

    By pruning oaks between the months of November and March, you can prevent the Oak Wilt disease. It is imperative that you never prune your oaks between the months of April and October. Apple trees should get their annual prune between the months of February and late April. When performed in the spring or summer, pruning increases the likelihood that an infection will spread, whereas pruning performed in the fall or early winter may result in growth problems in the subsequent season.

    It is recommended that Honey Locusts be pruned in the late winter, when they are dormant, because it is easier to prune in dry weather.

    Prune after blossoming. After they have finished flowering, trees and shrubs that bloom early in the growing season on growth from the previous year should have their branches clipped as soon as possible.

    Reduce the size of fresh growth through pruning. It is best to prune shrubs in the spring, before new growth begins, if the primary reason for growing them is for their leaves rather than for their brilliant flowers.

    The use of hedges and shrubs. Hedgerows need to have their branches cut back regularly after the first trimming that occurs during planting. Hedge trimming may often be done twice a year, once in the spring and once in the middle of the summer.

    Evergreens. Evergreens, often known as conifers, typically require very minimal maintenance in the form of pruning. However, several species of evergreens need to have their branches clipped in accordance with the distinct ways in which they grow.

    Scroll to Top